Are you paying attention to the presence of a clinical microbiology specialist when choosing your laboratory?

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08/05/2018
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31/05/2018

Microbiology is the science which studies minute organisms called microorganisms many of which can only be seen under the microscope. Many of these organisms, primarily bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites cause diseases in human beings. In the Microbiology Laboratory, which is a unit of Medical Port Tunççevik Clinical Laboratory, these microorganisms are analysed to identify diseases developing in individuals.

The diseases caused by these minute organisms which cannot be seen with the naked eye are generally called infectious diseases. Tens of thousands of different microorganisms are known to be disease agents.

In the aforementioned unit, direct and indirect tests related to infectious agent microorganisms are conducted whereas in the laboratory, tests are conducted on the blood and body fluid samples of patients, tissue specimens, urine and faeces as well as other specimens which are guiding in the diagnose, treatment and follow-up of infectious diseases. The sub-units, on the other hand, comprise bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology and serology.

Bacteriology: Bacteria which cause infections in human beings (Like bacteria causing typhus, cholera and throat infections) are obtained, defined and their antibiotic sensitivity is identified.

Virology: Diagnostic tests of disease causing viruses are conducted (HPV, Hepatitis etc.)

Mycology: Fungi which cause diseases in human beings are obtained, defined and their sensitivity to antifungals is identified.

Parasitology: Parasites and parasitic eggs are searched in the faeces, urine and in other body fluids.

Serology: It is a diagnostic method based on antibodies in infectious diseases.

Primary tests conducted in the microbiology laboratory are as follows: Diagnostic tests like culture tests, bacteria identification tests, tests for sensitivity to antibiotics and antifungals, antibiotic resistance analysis, direct microscopic examination, stained preparate examinations, screening for parasite eggs in faeces, screening tests and antibody tests (serological tests).

The first thing that comes to mind in relation to microbiological laboratory tests are culture tests, bacteria identification tests and antibiotic sensitivity tests. These tests are conducted in our laboratory at international standards (API, biomerieux). This system enables identification of bacteria at a more advanced level than the classical method and also provides information on resistance mechanisms. This makes very important contributions to the treatment of infections. This information is especially important to deal with nosocomial infections caused by multi-resistant bacteria.

 

Dr. Emre VUDALI

Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Specialist

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